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درې کسيز زيږون

 

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د برتانيه  سرکار ساينس پوهانو ته د درې کسيز بچو زيږولو اجازه ورکړه. حکومت په دې مسله باندې له د مخکې نه کوشيشونه روان کړي وو خو د ځنې سازمانو او وګړو  مخالفت په وجه دا کار اټاله پاتې وو.  د دغه خلکو دريځ ډير کمزوری دی او د اخلاقي جوازه  پرته بل څه دليل نه لري.

د سرکار او ساينسپوهانو دا خيال دی چې د کړمه (معذوره) بچي زيږولو نه دا ډيره غوره ده چې د زيږون نه مخکې  د بچې سکښته (ډيزاين) اوکړی شي او  روغمنه  (صحت مند) بچی  اوزيږولی شي.

د کومو ښځو چې کړمه ماشومان پيدا کيږي  نو دا ځکه چې د ښځې آګۍ   (ovum) ناروغه وي او هم دغسې ناروغه او کړمه بچي زيږوي.  د دغه ماشومانو کړمتيا څه ډول وي او پيژندنه يې څنګه کيږي؟ د غه ډول ناروغه ماشومان د لاسو پښو او  ډول ډاول نه بيخي سم وي  خو په بدن کې يې زور نه وي  او په کټ کې ناروغه پروت وي. داسې کړمه ماشومان لس شل کاله ژوندي وي او ټوله خسمانه يې مور پلار په کټ کې کوي.

د درې کسيز زيږون له مخه د روغمنه بچي په زيږون کې د بچي د مور او پلار نه پرته يوه دريمه ښځه هم برخه اخلي وښيه د دغه ماشوم په زيږون کې درې کسه برخه وال وي. د هرڅه نه اول د بچي د مور يوه ناروغه آګۍ راواخلي او  منځه   (nucleus)   ورله تشه کړي. دغسې د بلی روغمنې ښځې روغمنه آګۍ راواخلي د هغې منځه د رنځورې ښځې د آګۍ په منځه کې کيږدي. وروستو ورسره د سړي چينجوړی  (sperm) يو ځای کړي او يو روغمنه بچی او زيږولی شي.

دا د هره پلوه يو روغمنه بچی وي او هيڅ ډول کړمتيا يا معذوري نه لري. البته په دغه ماشوم کې د شلو زرو نه زيات نوسونه  (genes) د خپل مور پلار او اودېرش  پکې د هاغه ښځې وي کومی چې د خپلې آګۍ منځه خيرات کړې وي. د دغه دريمی ښځې منځه د ماشوم بدن کې د متره يا انرجۍ پيدا کولو کار کوي چې ساينسي ژبه کې ورته   (mitochondrial) وييلي شي.

د نن نه واخلې تر دوې کالو دننه به د دې  درملدود (  طريقه علاج) نه ګټه اغستلې کيږي او په کال به لسو ښځو ته دا اسانتياګانې ورکولی کيږي

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